News & Eventadd

The Radicalization of Sunni Jihadist Groups and Their Development of a Total War Doctrine

ABSTRACT The essay presents this jihadi ideological evolution in four parts. Firstly, it provides an overview of jihadism’s three major adversaries the near (Muslim apostate), far (Western and other non-Muslim civilizations) and sectarian (Shi’ite and other heterodox Muslims) enemies. Secondly, the paper examines why jihadi groups prioritized attacks against the near enemy during the Cold War only to see most Islamist insurgencies beaten back by Muslim apostate regimes. Thirdly, the paper analyses how these failures invited debate within the jihadist movement leading to a refocus on fighting the non-Muslim far enemy. Fourthly, having failed to weaken near and far enemies, the paper argues that the global jihadi movement has radicalized further by resorting to conspiratorial and eschatological arguments that link near, far and sectarian enemies. Keywords: Jihad, Radicalization, Terrorism, Religious Warfare, and Extremism

Emotional Speech Perception in Prelingually and Postlingually Deaf Cochlear Implant Users: A Review

ABSTRACT Accurate and meaningful verbal communication between individuals requires the use of both emotional semantics and emotional prosody. When hearing is impaired, the auditory signal becomes degraded, making the perception of emotional prosody difficult. Such is the case with cochlear implants (CIs). Limitations of CI technology may cause diminished or lost cues of emotional speech. A degraded auditory signal, like the one experienced by individuals using CIs, affects the way individuals perceive multiple aspects of the speech signal, including emotional speech. The purpose of this brief review is to explain some of the difference between how prelingually deaf CI users and postlingually deaf CI users perceive emotional speech. Evidence shows that prelingually deaf CI users are able to produce suprasegmental aspects of speech, but have difficulties correctly identifying the emotional correlates of speech. Postlingually deaf CI users also have trouble identifying prosodic cues in speech when visual cues are removed. More research is needed to determine exactly how much of the subtle cues available in emotional speech is lost due to the technical limitations of the CI. More research is also needed to determine how accurately the CI user from both prelingual and postlingual groups interpret the messages they hear based on respective auditory cues and visual cues. Keywords: emotional speech, emotional prosody, speech perception, cochlear implant, prelingual deafness, postlingual deafness

THE ROLE OF ATTITUDES IN LANGUAGE SHIFT AND LANGUAGE MAINTENANCE IN A NEW MIGRANT COMMUNITY IN NEW ZEALAND

New Zealand has become a home to several linguistic groups over the years. Telugu language speakers are the recent migrants to New Zealand. Telugu is the fourth most spoken language in India with over 8 million having Telugu as their mother tongue. It is considered one of the fifteen most spoken languages in the world. Telugu speakers are a recent immigrant community to New Zealand, and their current number is estimated to be over 5000 and growing. The study examines the language loss and maintenance issues of the Telugu language speakers based in New Zealand. It investigates the language attitudes of mothers and children in the Telugu community and how they relate to the loss of the language in an English-speaking environment. The findings reveal that although most of the Telugu people speak their own community language at home, the children are rapidly losing their language. These results point out, being a new migrant community in New Zealand that places more emphasis on jobs and settlement, the community does not make any deliberate attempt to protect language skills. On the other hand, some mothers emphasise the English language on the hope that it would give their children an advantage in New Zealand, which is a predominantly English-speaking country. As a result, children are losing language skills rapidly, particularly their reading and writing skills. The findings call for urgent explicit steps for language maintenance if New Zealand were to thrive as a truly multicultural hub in the South Pacific region. Such an approach requires concerted efforts by families, community and government agencies. Keywords: Telugu language, migrant community, language shift, language maintenance, New Zealand.

Guidelines

Authors Guidelines

Before you submit your manuscript it is very important to read and follow some instructions. The Authors are expected to submit original scholarly articles in the following format:
  • Language
  • Length of paper
  • Title
  • Author(s) with affiliations
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
Read More

Editor Guidelines

  • Editors do more thorough evaluations on manuscripts, and their decisions on a paper is crucial to the editorial process. The editors’ decisions on a paper for publication should be based majorly on the paper’s importance, originality, and clarity, and the study’s relevance to the subject area(s) of the journal.
  • Based on the research interest (or) subject, the editor will assign submitted manuscript to a reviewer for the peer review process
  • The Editor must evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the race, color, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author(s).
  • The Editor should not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than the author(s), reviewers, and potential reviewers.
Read More

Reviewers Guidelines

Peer review is the standard method implemented towards analyzing the quality of a research paper. The quality of peer-review process and critical evaluation undertaken by the board members are the most influential factors towards determining the journals’ reputation and quality standard. Openventio strictly follows a blinded peer-review process to uphold the journals’ quality and credibility.
Ethical Issues:
  • The reviewer should give an honest and exact analysis of the research. The main role of the reviewers is to analyze the merits and the demerits and to provide necessary suggestions in order to increase the quality of the work.
  • The reviewer of paper should not review the manuscript that is co-authored by himself, or a member of his/her institution or to someone to whom he is related.
  • After receiving the paper for any further assistance or clarifications you need to contact only the editor and the confidentiality of the paper has to be maintained. You must never ask anyone to review a portion of paper without editor’s permission and also must never contact the author of the paper directly.
Read More